UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Feb. 27, 2018

Today is Tuesday, Feb. 27, the 58th day of 2018 with 307 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars and Saturn. Evening stars are Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Pisces. They include Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in 1807; U.S. Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black in 1886; soprano Marian Anderson in 1897; novelist John Steinbeck in 1902; actor Joan Bennett in 1910; former Texas Gov. John Connally in 1917; actor Joanne Woodward in 1930 (age 88); actor Elizabeth Taylor in 1932; consumer activist Ralph Nader in 1934 (age 84); actor Barbara Babcock in 1937 (age 81); actor Howard Hesseman in 1940 (age 78); actor Mary Frann in 1943; physicist Alan Guth in 1947 (age 71); actor Timothy Spall in 1957 (age 61); actor Adam Baldwin in 1962 (age 56); singer Chille, born Rozonda Thomas, (TLC) in 1971 (age 47); Chelsea Clinton, daughter of former President Bill Clinton, in 1980 (age 38); singer Josh Groban in 1981 (age 37); actor Kate Mara in 1983 (age 35).

On this date in history:

In 1844, the Dominican Republic was granted independence from Haiti.

In 1933, it was announced that President-elect Franklin Delano Roosevelt would use a 263-year-old tattered Dutch Bible that had been in the possession of his family since 1670 for his inauguration on March 4.

In 1942, opening salvos were fired in the Battle of the Java Sea, during which 11 American-British-Dutch-Australian Command warships were sunk by the Japanese, resulting in the deaths of approximately 3,400 sailors. The USS Houston (CA-30), which was sunk during the Battle of Sunda Strait on March 1, 1942, was located in 2014.

In 1951, the 22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, limiting presidents to two terms, was ratified.

In 1973, members of the American Indian Movement began a 71-day occupation at Wounded Knee, S.D., to protest the federal government’s failure to live up to its agreements with Indian nations.

In 1974, the first issue of People magazine was published.

In 1982, an Atlanta jury convicted Wayne Williams of killing two of 28 young African Americans whose deaths over a two-year period had shaken the city. Williams was sentenced to life in prison.

In 1990, the Soviet Parliament approved the creation of a U.S.-style presidential system that gave Mikhail Gorbachev broad powers and established direct popular elections for the office.

In 1991, President George H.W. Bush ordered a halt to the allied military offensive against Iraqi military forces, saying: ”Our military objectives are met.”

In 1992, Elizabeth Taylor celebrated her 60th birthday by closing Disneyland for an elaborate private party with her celebrity friends.

In 1999, Nigeria’s transition to civilian rule was nearly completed with the election of Olusegun Obasanjo, a former military leader, as president.

In 2004, two studies commissioned by the U.S. Roman Catholic church showed at least 4 percent of priests were involved in child sexual abuse from 1950 to 2002.

In 2007, a suicide bomber set off a device outside Bagram Airfield in Afghanistan that killed 23 people. U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney, who was visiting the American military base and identified by the Taliban as the target of the attack, escaped injury.

In 2010, an 8.8-magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Chile, killing close to 600 people. The quake generated a tsunami, destroyed or heavily damaged nearly 500,000 homes and caused a massive electrical blackout. Chile’s president declared a “state of catastrophe.”

In 2013, about 150,000 people gathered at St. Peter’s Square in Vatican City for Pope Benedict XVI’s final general audience.

In 2015, Russian opposition leader Boris Nemtsov died from a fatal gunshot wound. In the days before his death, Nemtsov expressed fears of being killed by the government, but the government prosecuted Chechen men for his death.

A thought for the day: “Winning doesn’t always mean being first. Winning means you’re doing better than you’ve ever done before.” — Champion speed skater Bonnie Blair

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