One of them, according to the complaint, was Mr. Warfaa, a farmer living in a village, Jifo Uray, near Gebiley. In December 1987, Mr. Warfaa was seized by soldiers from the Fifth Brigade and detained at their headquarters in Gebiley, the complaint said.
From January to March of 1988, he was beaten, chained and kicked “no fewer than nine times,” the complaint said.
“On more than one occasion,” it said, Mr. Ali “was present while he was tortured.”
The complaint described some of the abuse: “The soldiers tightly tied his hands and feet together behind his back so that his body was arched backward in a slightly-tilted U shape, with his arms and legs high in the air, causing him excruciating pain.”
“This form of torture was called the ‘Mig,’” the complaint continued, “because it placed the prisoner’s body in a shape that resembled the Somali Air Force’s MIG aircraft, with its swept-back wings.”
Mr. Ali also fired five shots at Mr. Warfaa, striking him in the wrist and leg, and then instructed his subordinates to bury him, the complaint said. The guards noticed he was still alive, and Mr. Warfaa’s family bribed them to release him, the complaint said.
Mr. Drennan said that Mr. Ali did not deny that he was an army commander or that the government had “a bad human rights record,” but that Mr. Ali had testified that “he was not a part of that.”